Summary: Romano Guardini's political thought is strictly entwined with an idea of community in which communitarian and not individualistic sensibilities flourish; he does not want to replicate the medieval world in this model of community, but he finds in the union of «faith and world», which he considers typical of the Middle Ages, a useful means for avoiding any totalitarian experience in Europe. The Middle Ages, therefore, becomes a political model for contemporary society and a paradigm by which it can be analysed. To refer to this theory, I use the expression: “Newest Middle Ages”.
Keywords: Guardini, political community, Middle Ages, Newest Middle Ages.
Parole chiave: Guardini, comunità politica, Medioevo, Nuovissimo Medioevo.